Nikon D In-Depth Review: Digital Photography Review.Capture NX Product Key + Crack Full Version Free Download
With the shutter release pressed halfway, you’ll see in the viewfinder the lens continuously maintain focus as the subject moves. However, maintaining focus doesn’t guarantee a sharp image, as there is a short time lag between the release of the shutter and the capture of the picture.
To solve this problem, the focus tracking system is a predictive system that uses special algorithms to forecast the position of the subject at the moment the image is captured. The prediction is based on a measurement of the subject’s movement and speed. Simple predictive tracking is very effective for pictures of a subject moving at constant speed toward the camera, but to provide maximum focusing performance for a subject that abruptly changes direction at high speed, or a subject with low contrast, moving randomly, the AF system must accumulate subject location data using multiple focus areas.
The AF modules built into selected Nikon D-SLRs have as many as 51 focus areas that can detect vertical, horizontal and diagonal movement of the subject.
To realize high-precision AF for high-speed continuous shooting of a fast-moving subject, the processing speed of the AF cycle is vital. To provide that speed, a Nikon proprietary technology called overlap servo prepares for the focus detection of the next shot while the lens-driving operation for the current shot is in process.
An automatic, balanced fill-flash system in which the flash fires a series of pre-flashes just before the first shutter curtain moves. Only 3D images can be viewed in the 3D Playback Mode.
As long as the shutter button is kept pressed halfway, if the subject moves after the camera has focused, the camera uses 3D-tracking to select a new focus point and keep the focus locked on the original subject. If the subject leaves the viewfinder, remove your finger from the shutter release button and recompose the photograph with the subject in the selected focus point. The standard is so named because it refers to its approx.
This is contrary to the standard HD resolutions of p and p which represent the number of vertical pixels. A movie option that is available in select cameras such as the Nikon 1 V3. Record a 4-second movie clip. Multiple clips can be joined into a single movie using the Combine 4-second movies option in the playback menu. Available in selected Nikon D-SLRs, the point AF system positions 51 points of focus within the frame to allow photographers to choose a variety of focus configurations to suit the shooting situation.
The area grid forms a wide rectangle across the frame, with minimal spacing between each AF area. The system keeps even quick-moving subjects in focus across a wide extent of the frame. The 15 points of the three center rows of focus points employ cross-type sensors for powerful focus detection. Face detection using the optical viewfinder and detailed scene analysis using the 91, pixel RGB 3D Matrix Metering III sensor with the advanced scene recognition system enables superior auto exposure, auto white balance detection, AF performance and i-TTL flash exposure.
The flash uses its sensor to control the flash output in combination with data automatically transmitted from the camera and lens to the flash including the ISO sensitivity, aperture, focal length and exposure compensation value. AAC is a standard audio file format. Nikon cameras record audio to the AAC monaural file format. An aberration prevents light from being brought into sharp focus.
The ideal image by lenses especially photographic lenses , must fulfill three key conditions, namely, 1. In reality, however, light refraction by the lens causes a variety of defects in the image, called aberration.
The five most common types in aberration are SEIDEL’s five aberrations, which occur even with monochromatic single-wavelength light. In addition, there are also two types of chromatic aberrations, which are caused by more than one frequency.
It is impossible to eliminate them all, but in the lens design process, they can be controlled and balanced to provide the best possible result for that lens and application. This is handled by material glass selection, shape and positioning. When the action control is set to ON, you can control certain functions of the camera simply by swinging it in the air.
The default setting is HIGH, which means that even if the camera is shaken by a small amount, it will register. When set to LOW, a large amount of movement is needed to register by the camera.
Active D-Lighting optimizes high contrast images to restore the shadow and highlight details that are often lost when strong lighting increases the contrast between bright and dark areas of an image.
It can be set to operate automatically or manually, and it’s also possible to bracket pictures to get one with Active D-Lighting and one without. Active D-Lighting’s image optimization, which takes place in the camera at the moment the photo is taken, applies digital processing only to the necessary portion s of the image.
Even when shooting a subject with a wide dynamic range, Active D-Lighting is able to reproduce a realistic image that retains natural contrast. Add a Bubble Effect is a special effect found in select Nikon COOLPIX cameras such as the S32, it allows you to add a bubble effect to your images, so your subject will look as if it is projected on a bubble.
A guide will be displayed in the monitor, and you simply compose your shot so the subject is within the guide. When chosen, the camera performs tone compensation to make the image appear like a cartoon.
The KeyMission action camera incorporates an Add Highlight Tag feature, which allows you to tag certain sections of your video by pressing the function button on the remote control during movie playback. You can then select Create movie digest, in which the camera automatically combines the tag-attached sections 2.
This is a feature of select cameras such as the KeyMission action camera, which allow you to add slow motion to a portion of your video capture, as its being recorded.
The slow motion mode captures footage as a high-frame-rate movie. Choosing it will cause star-like rays of light to radiate outward from bright objects such as sunlight reflections or street lights. This effect is suitable for night scenes. Bracketing automatically varies a given set of variables dependent upon which type of bracketing is chosen. Use bracketing in situations where it may be difficult to set exposure or to experiment with different settings for the same subject.
AE Bracketing will bracket the exposure over a series of three photographs. The first shot is unmodified, the second shot has a reduced exposure and the third shot has the exposure increased. This is the preferred standard that is used to encrypt commercial and government data. With good light control and a static subject, Single Point AF ensures that the most important element in the composition, such as the eyes in a portrait, will be sharply focused.
Select a Single AF point and the areas surrounding it serve as backup—a significant advantage when shooting moving subjects. Select the 9-point option when you want to focus on erratically moving subjects with greater accuracy.
When dealing with insufficient contrast for fast focus detection, choosing 21 or 51 points makes detection easier. The point option also allows for 3D Focus Tracking, which uses color information from the RGB metering sensor to automatically follow moving subjects across the AF points.
Auto Area AF uses color information and special face recognition algorithms to automatically focus on an individual’s face, which is extremely helpful when there’s simply no time to select a focus point, or when using Live View in hand-held mode at high or low angles. A beam of light automatically activated to provide the camera’s autofocus system the necessary light to operate in poorly lit situations.
The AF assist illuminator’s light does not appear in the picture. Autofocus lock is typically used to hold focus on the part of the scene that’s most important to you.
Focusing is driven by a “Silent Wave” motor in the lens instead of the focus drive motor in the camera. AF-S lenses with a “II” designation weigh less and are generally smaller than their equivalent predecessors. Essentially, motor-driven autofocus; engage it and a digital SLR’s autofocus system will continuously track focus on a moving subject.
GPS file is an updated file of GPS data that can be downloaded from the web and uploaded into select Nikon digital cameras to shorten the time needed by the camera to track the GPS positioning information.
The website housing the A. Once you download the file to your computer, follow the instructions in your camera’s manual. Non-AI lenses coupled to the camera’s meter through a system that required a pin on the camera to be mated to a slotted prong on the lens before the lens was mounted, then the aperture ring on the lens had to be turned from one extreme to the other to index the meter to the maximum aperture of the lens.
AI eliminates this entire procedure because meter coupling and indexing occur automatically when the lens is mounted on the camera. Most AI lenses made until a few years ago were also supplied with the coupling prong so they would be compatible with either metering system. Airplane Mode disables all wireless or GPS connections on a camera. The diaphragm action in an AI-S lens is compatible with Nikon cameras that allow the aperture to be controlled from the camera, as is required for programmed and shutter-priority automatic exposure control.
A type of digital image distortion most often seen when straight lines or edges in a digital image are enlarged to the point at which they appear jagged. This mode also enables an easy transition from autofocus to manual during AF operation. However, mode switch sensitivity has been altered to reduce the possibility of sudden unintentional switching to manual focus while shooting. A-M stands for Auto-Manual Mode. Thanks to a mechanism incorporated in the lens barrel, smooth focusing operation in Manual focus mode is realized in the same way as users have become accustomed to with conventional manual-focus lenses by adding an appropriate torque to the focus ring.
The measurement in degrees of the angle formed by lines projecting from the center of the flash to the extremities of the field of coverage. The angle of light hitting a surface. A basic rule of physics says that the angle of incidence equals the angle of reflectance, which means that the angle of the light coming towards the surface is the same as the angle of light reflected off of the surface.
For example, if light hitting a surface came from a light source that was on a 45 degree angle from the surface, the light reflecting off of the surface would travel on a 45 degree angle as well. The flash uses its sensor to measure the flash illumination reflected back from the subject controlling flash output to give correct exposure. An optical process that samples the edges of an image to fill in the missing areas that cause a jagged appearance.
Pertaining to binoculars. A coating applied to lenses to improve the brightness, color and contrast of the image. Quality, type and method of coating applied is of critical importance to brightness, clarity and contrast.
The circular opening inside the lens that can change in diameter to control the amount of light reaching a camera’s sensor or film. A shutter speed that is automatically selected by the camera to match the photographer’s manually set lens aperture for a correct exposure. Especially useful for controlling depth-of-field. It is calculated by multiplying the magnification by the real angle of view.
Apparent field of view is the angle of the magnified field when you look through binoculars. The larger the apparent field of view is, the wider the field of view you can see even at high magnifications.
A computer program, such as an image editor or image browser. The COOLPIX Sc and Sc digital cameras feature the Android platform, which runs apps or applications that can be downloaded to the camera, for shooting and sharing of digital images and video. The ability of a material, including some printing papers and compact discs, to last for many years.
Measure of a film’s “light gathering” capability. Replaced by ISO for film and digital. The width of an image divided by its height. In still photography, common aspect ratios are images from digital cameras and images from film cameras. A non-spherical shaped lens used to minimize aberration and maximize the flatness of field in certain binocular models. A lens with a curved, non-spherical surface. Used to reduce aberrations and enable a more compact lens size. Aspherical lenses minimize coma and other types of lens aberrations, even when used at the widest aperture.
They are particularly useful in correcting distortion in wide-angle lenses and help contribute to a lighter, more compact design by reducing the number of standard spherical elements necessary. Aspherical lens elements correct these distortions by continuously changing the refractive index from the center of the lens. One of Seidel’s five aberrations. Astigmatism is an aberration that causes points to blur, degrading sharpness. It can be reduced but not eliminated by stopping down the lens.
Astrophotography is the specialized type of photography done of the night sky, stars, planets, and other celestial objects. Lunar and Solar eclipses as well as star trails also fall under Astrophotography. Specialized equipment may be necessary in photographing certain celestial subjects like telescopes, solar filters, etc. Using a visual display or auditory using headphones to monitor audio levels. This helps keep audio levels at their optimum level.
It also helps to minimize degradation. They can be hardware or software based; regardless of type, the scale and ballistics of the meter are important characteristics. When you take pictures underwater, the water itself sometimes causes distortion to occur. The Auto Distortion Control, available on select cameras, automatically compensates for this.
In Auto Exposure mode, the camera automatically adjusts the shutter speed and aperture for the optimum exposure for the scene being photographed. A system of sensors and motors that allow lenses to obtain focus automatically; in some cameras, the system also allows the lens to maintain focus on a moving subject. Auto FP High Speed Sync is a flash mode used for fill-flash photography under brightly lit conditions.
It will fill in and open up shadowed areas in order to portray the greatest detail in subjects. It’s also ideal when using wide aperture lenses, and because it allows up to the fastest shutter speeds on compatible Nikon DSLRs, it is often used for action-stopping sports photography. And for portraits, you can open up your lenses to their full aperture in order to isolate your subject against a blurred background without overexposing the image.
When Auto FP High Speed Sync is selected, the flash will fire for the duration of the shutter curtain’s travel, thus syncing with the camera’s shutter speed when that speed is set higher than the camera’s normal sync speed.
For instance, when there is enough light to use ISO , the camera does so, but when it would have to use too slow a shutter speed, then it automatically increases the ISO to and maintains a high enough shutter speed to avoid camera shake. Some Nikon digital cameras let you choose from a range that you’re willing to shoot within, such as ISO — With automatic exposure AE the camera’s computer and metering system automatically select the aperture and shutter speed for a correct exposure.
A feature that sets the camera to take a series of pictures usually three at different exposure settings. The shutter will only be released snap a photo if the camera is able to focus. Auto Slow Sync is a flash mode that is used when shooting portraits at night.
It is used when shooting portraits against a backdrop of night scenery. Use of a tripod is suggested, to prevent blurring caused by camera shake. In Nikon D-SLRs, Auto White Balance combines with the Scene Recognition System to analyze each scene’s light sources, cross-referencing this information with 5, actual picture data examples from over 20, images in the camera’s onboard white balance database.
A digital camera’s white balance setting compensates for the different colors of various light sources—fluorescent, which has a “green” cast, or a cooler-than-daylight light balance; incandescent, which has a “yellow” or a warmer-than-daylight white balance; and daylight—so that white objects in a scene appear white regardless of the color temperature the warmth or coolness of the light source.
Even under mixed lighting or difficult light sources like mercury vapor lights, auto white balance technology calculates an ideal white balance for remarkably faithful colors. For a thorough understanding of white balance and how it influences the final image, read Lindsay Silverman’s article Setting White Balance. This scene mode, available on select Nikon digital cameras, is designed to take vivid photographs of scenes with colorful red and yellow autumn leaves.
Advanced Video Coding is a standard for video compression. Refers to a connection port for output of audio and video from a Nikon camera to a television using RCA plugs composite yellow for video with mono white or stereo white and red for audio.
General term for anything behind the main subject in a photograph. Lighting that illuminates the subject from a position opposite the position of the camera. Refers to the effect seen when shooting underwater and the fine suspended particles in the water are illuminated by flash lighting close to the camera’s lens, and show up on film or the digital image.
A safety precaution against losing precious image or other electronic data. You can back-up one image file or an entire computer’s worth of data. If the original file s are lost or corrupted, you can restore them with a back-up copy. An image composed to create a harmonious distribution or arrangement of objects, tones or patterns. Bandwidth is the maximum throughput or capacity that a computer network can handle. A lens effect in which the straight lines in an image appear to be inflated or sphere shaped.
Select Nikon battery chargers, which are used for newer rechargeable Lithium Ion batteries, are equipped with a battery calibration feature. Calibrate the battery as required to ensure the accuracy of the camera and charger battery level displays.
A scene mode available on select Nikon digital cameras, that lets you capture the brightness of beaches or sunlit expanses of water with the correct exposure in such a brightly lit situation. A scene mode available on select Nikon digital cameras, designed for use when taking photos of snow in bright sunlight or brightly lit sandy beaches, ensuring the exposure is correct for the bright scene.
A flexible, light-proof enclosure placed between the camera and the lens for close-up and macro photography. The desired reproduction ratio can be obtained by adjusting the bellows.
Provides a higher reproduction ratio than extension rings. This mode, available on select Nikon 1 digital cameras is ideal for fast, hard to capture subjects. By selecting this mode, you can choose to release the shutter as the scene plays back in slow motion Slow View or let the camera choose the best shot Smart Photo Selector.
Bi-directional B frames are encoded based on an interpolation from I- and P-frames that come before and after them. B-frames require little space, but can take longer to decompress because they’re reliant on frames that may be reliant on other frames. This Scene Mode will assist you in taking photos of birds in the wild. When chosen, this mode allows you to select Single or Continuous. A unit of measurement indicating the information capacity of one binary digit. A pixel-by-pixel description of an image, where each pixel is a separate element.
A feature of Nikon digital SLR cameras, the blinking highlights display indicates areas of the photograph in which highlight detail is missing. When using this feature, the camera detects that a human subject may have closed their eyes immediately after it recognizes the face. When this happens, the “Did someone blink? A scene mode available on select Nikon digital cameras that is designed for taking great photos of fields of flowers or other landscape that are full of blossoming flowers.
Bluetooth is a proprietary open wireless technology standard that is used for the exchange of data over short distances. Bluetooth can connect several devices together, whether fixed or mobile. It can store six times more data than a DVD. The name refers to the blue laser used to read the disk.
Blu-ray disks normally have a capacity of 25 gigabytes. Double sided Blu-ray disks have a capacity of 50 gigabytes. Refers to a flash unit aimed at a reflecting surface, such as a wall or ceiling, to illuminate the subject with reflected light.
An exposure technique to assure an accurate, or preferable, exposure by shooting a sequence of images at different settings. When photographing a portrait subject, broad lighting is the technique whereby you place the main light on the side of the face which is facing the camera and light source. It is often used to give a fuller look to the subject’s face.
An exclusive Nikon technology, Best Shot Selector automatically selects the image with the sharpest focus from a series of up to ten consecutive images; only the sharpest shot is saved to the memory card. When Best Shot Selector is chosen, a series of images are stored in the camera’s memory where they are evaluated by the camera’s computer. The single image with the highest level of detail is then automatically transferred to the memory card.
Memory in a camera or digital device that stores information before it is written to a storage source. The action of the digital camera preloading data into a reserved area of its memory. Certain Nikon cameras feature modes that utilize the buffering of image or video data specific to the chosen mode.
With regards to the Nikon 1 camera system, the camera fills the buffer with data before the shutter is fully depressed. When using the Smart Photo Selector mode, the camera stores this pre-recorded data and can access it if the data holds the best shots taken.
When using the Motion Snapshot mode, the video captured before and after the still image is captured is stored in the camera’s buffer for use in creating the final Motion Snapshot. A shutter speed setting that holds the shutter open for as long as the shutter release button remains pressed. Commonly used for long time-exposures. When using the Bulb setting, use a cable release to make sure you don’t cause camera shake.
Selectively darkening part of a photo using an image editing program or a mechanical technique in a traditional darkroom. The digital SLRs’ version of a film camera’s motor drive sequence. A lighting technique that is flattering when used with most portrait subjects. It is called Butterfly lighting because of the distinctive butterfly shaped shadow that is present under the subject’s nose from the placement of the light s.
The main light is placed above and in the same direction the subject is facing and so produces even, soft light. A unit of measurement of information storage equaling eight bits. A wire and button device designed to allow photographers to trip the camera’s shutter without touching the camera. Generally used with a tripod-mounted camera to insure even greater steadiness.
Nikon software that provides simplified remote control of Nikon D-SLR cameras from a personal computer. Picture Control Utility: In certain Nikon digital SLRs such as the D3, D, D, D90, D and D, customized image adjustment, including tone compensation curve data, can be saved to tailor the camera’s behavior to the photographer’s vision, improving efficiency when using multiple cameras at the same time.
Software is compatible with Wi-Fi operation. Also compatible with Nikon’s Image Authentication Function. For more information about Camera Control Pro 2, click here. Photos taken of people acting in a natural, spontaneous, unposed way. Often used to describe a category of wedding photographs. A scene mode available on select Nikon digital cameras that allows you to capture the ambient lighting of a candlelit scene.
A device used by photographers to read the image data on media cards. A card reader connects to computer via USB or FireWire and allows for the fast and easy downloading of image data from the card to the computer. It is more efficient than connecting the camera to the computer via USB to view or download images. The reflection of a light source in a subject’s eyes. Intentionally creating a catchlight by providing a small amount of illumination with a flash or reflector can make your subject look more vivid.
Charge coupled device, one of the two main types of image sensors used in digital cameras. A color compensating filter. It enables you to make fine adjustments of color tone or color density in color photography. A compact disc that holds up to megabytes of digital information. A CD-R disc can be written to only once. Ideal for long-time storage of data or photos. Not preferred for long-time storage of data or photos.
Meter sensitivity is biased toward the center of the viewfinder. Recommended when the subject is in the center of the picture. A knob that simultaneously controls the focus in both barrels of the binocular. A scene mode available on select Nikon digital cameras. The Child scene mode is used for photographing snapshots of children; skin tones will appear natural and soft while clothing and backgrounds will be vivid.
A phenomenon in which light rays passing through a lens focus at different points, depending on their wavelength. Axial chromatic aberration is a variation in focal length; lateral chromatic aberration, a variation in magnification.
Lateral chromatic aberration: Light wavelengths differ depending upon color. Differences in the length of the wavelengths result in changes in image magnification and become visible at image peripheries. Lateral Chromatic Aberration is the cause of color fringing. Lateral chromatic aberration is reduced to some degree by combining different lens elements with different refractive indexes, but optically speaking, it cannot be completely eliminated.
In addition to red and its complimentary color, cyan, and blue and its complimentary color, yellow, some lenses may exhibit complex color fringing that combines these two primary types. It is greatly reduced by low-dispersion ED glass. A person who uses a motion picture camera to record the actual film footage shot during the making of a motion picture.
Director of Photography is an equivalent title. On large budget “Hollywood” productions, cinematographers or director’s of photography are responsible for the artistic and technical decisions related to capture of the film or digital video, as many of today’s motion pictures are being recorded using digital capture devices.
The art and science of photographing a motion picture. The cinematographer is responsible for capturing the actual film footage using a motion picture camera which can be film or digital based.
Nikon Inc. Live view not used. Real life results will vary depending on factors such as temperature, use conditions and the number of times the battery is recharged. In photography, the circle of confusion CoC is used to determine the depth of field, the part of an image that is acceptably sharp. A standard value of CoC is often associated with each image format, but the most apprpriate value depends on visual acuity, viewing conditions and the amount of enlargement.
Properly, this is the maximum permissible circle of confusion diameter limit, or the circle of confusion criterion, but is simply called circle of confusion. Real lenses do not focus all rays perfectly, and so, even at best focus, a point is imaged as a spot rather than a point. The smallest such spot that a lens can produce is often referred to as the circle of least confusion.
Converts linear polarized light waves to circular polarized light waves. Required whenever polarizing is desired using autofocus cameras and cameras that have semi-silvered reflex mirrors. When shooting a Cityscape Time-lapse movie, an option available in select Nikon cameras, the camera shoots at a pre-defined interval for 10 minutes, creating a final 10 second time-lapse movie in the camera.
This innovative technology improves screen visibility for a more vivid, clear image when taking and sharing pictures. Reflections are minimized while contrast and power savings are improved. These lenses provide an easy way to increase magnification. Even when attached, you can use automatic exposure control and TTL metering.
All lenses are treated with Nikon Integrated Coating to improve contrast and reduce flare. The higher the close-up lens number, the closer you can focus.
Close up is a scene mode available on select Nikon digital cameras used to photograph small objects and subjects at close range. Cloudy is a white balance setting. When manually setting the white balance on your digital camera, and shooting under cloudy lighting conditions you use the cloudy setting to balance the available light so it is captured correctly by the camera.
Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor, one of the two main types of image sensors used in digital cameras. The resulting improvement in noise and sensitivity reduction makes the select COOLPIX cameras more capable when shooting night scenes or in dark indoor situations.
Cyan, magenta, yellow and black, the primary colors used in commercial color printing from which all other printing colors are derived. If the white balance of a scene does not match the lighting under which the scene is being photographed, a color cast can occur.
For example, daylight is normally cooler than incandescent lighting, so if you photograph a subject lit by an incandescent light and the white balance of the camera is set for daylight, the image will look warmer because that type of lighting is warmer orangeish in color than daylight.
If the camera was set for incandescent and you photograph a subject in daylight, the image would look cooler blueish. A filter that alters the color temperature of light to make it suitable for the film in use. It enables you to use daylight-type film indoors or tungsten-type film outdoors.
The camera detects and colors the outlines of subjects in the scene for a color sketch effect. When shooting D-movies in this mode, the video playback looks like a slide show made up of a series of still photos. A scale used for rating the color quality of light. Measured in degrees Kelvin K.
The temperature of daylight on a sunny day is expressed as K; light from a tungsten lamp, K to K. The image of a point source of light is prevented from being brought into focus, but instead appears shaped as a comet or teardrop. Coma can be reduced by stopping down the lens. For cameras that offer this feature check your manual to see if yours offers this feature the D-SLR’s built-in flash or external accessory Speedlight can be set to Commander mode, which makes that flash the master flash, controlling remote optional flash units in one or more groups.
Compact binoculars are small, lightweight and convenient, and they can be taken anywhere binoculars are needed. A type of storage card, available in a range of capacities, that’s used in digital cameras to store images captured by the camera.
The card can be erased when the images have been transferred or are no longer needed. Special care should be taken when changing lenses in order to avoid the possibility of dirt or dust entering the camera.
Once inside the camera, foreign matter may adhere to the low-pass filter and show up in photographs. To help prevent the appearance of these artifacts in photographs Nikon has created the Comprehensive Dust Reduction System. This system uses a series of high resonance frequencies to vibrate the optical low-pass filter. This dislodges dust on the front of the sensor and reduces dust spots appearing on images.
This system combined with the existing Image Dust Off system in Capture NX 2 provides a full dust prevention system for photographers. Sensor cleaning takes approximately three seconds to complete. If the shutter release is depressed during a sensor clean, cleaning will be cancelled. This enables images to be taken even if a sensor clean has started.
Refers to reducing the quality of digital data in an effort to conserve storage space. For example, the JPEG file format is a compressed format. Continuous is one of the shooting options found in the Auto Mode of select Nikon digital cameras. Continuous allows you to take a series of pictures. Depending upon your camera model, the battery life and remaining memory in the buffer Continuous High lets you take more frames per second than Continuous Low; however if the flash is fired, only one picture will be taken.
Depending upon your camera model, the battery life and remaining memory in the buffer Continuous Low lets you take fewer frames per second than Continuous High; however if the flash is fired, only one picture will be taken.
A mode of autofocus in which focus detection continues as long as the shutter release button is lightly pressed. Continuous is one of the shooting options found in the Auto Mode of Nikon digital cameras. The camera will take one photograph each time the shutter button is released. Continuous Single is often the default setting. A measure of the rate of an image’s change of brightness. High contrast implies dark black and bright white content; medium contrast, a good spread from black to white; low contrast, a small spread of values from black to white.
Used with black-and-white film to emphasize contrast in a picture. Yellow Y , orange O , and red R filters are available with contrast increasing in this order. Used to describe changes in apparent magnification when a 35mm lens is used on a D-SLR with a sensor smaller than 24mm x 36mm. The trade name for film scanners manufactured by Nikon.
The Close-Range Correction CRC system is one of Nikon’s most important focusing innovations, for it provides superior picture quality at close focusing distances and increases the focusing range. With CRC, the lens elements are configured in a “floating element” design wherein each lens group moves independently to achieve focusing.
This ensures superior lens performance even when shooting at close distances. The Creative Mode is a shooting mode found on the mode dial of the Nikon 1 J2 camera. The Creative Mode is only for shooting still images, and will not work in movies mode. This is a new feature in the Nikon 1 V3. The camera will automatically detect one of four scenes: portrait, close-up, landscape or other and will then display a ring showing four effects that can be applied to the scene.
Brightness, saturation and white balance will change between the different effects as a finger is rotated around the ring or the multi-selector is rotated, so what you see is what you get.
Curvature of Field is a phenomenon in which straight lines are not rendered perfectly straight in the picture. Curvature of field can be improved but not eliminated by stopping down the lens. The Nikon 1 digital cameras utilize the CX format imaging sensor. The optical path at the objective side and eyepiece side is virtually straight, making it possible for the binoculars to be compact and slim. They are more costly to produce because their very small prisms require special grinding and polishing to maintain image integrity.
A film balanced for proper color rendition when exposed in daylight. A lens which allows the photographer to control the degree of spherical aberration in the foreground or background by rotating the lens’ DC ring.
This will create a rounded out-of-focus blur that is ideal for portrait photography. With the DC control set at zero, a DC-Nikkor lens operates in the same way as a non-DC lens with the same focal length and maximum aperture. The Delayed Remote mode is used when shooting with select Nikon cameras and the ML-L3 remote control, to ensure no camera shake will occur. The Delayed Remote sets the camera’s shutter to release between 2 – 10 seconds after the shutter button on the ML-L3 remote control is pressed.
Available in select cameras such as the Nikon 1 AW1. Calibrate the Depth Gauge on the surface before you enter the water, setting it to zero. The zone of acceptable sharpness in front of and behind the subject on which the lens is focused. Depth of field varies according to focal length of the lens, chosen aperture and shooting distance. A feature on advanced SLRs that closes the lens down to the actual taking aperture to enable you to see the picture’s depth-of-field.
A measurement of the distance behind the lens wherein the film plane will remain sharply in focus. Depth of focus is sometimes referred to as lens-to-film tolerance. The mechanical device inside a lens that controls the aperture. Any device or substance placed between the central light source and the subject that softens or spreads the light. Technique of taking film or digital still images or video by attaching a camera to a Fieldscope or Spotting Scope.
Digiscoping lets you capture photographs without the use of traditional photographic lenses. Bird watchers and naturalists are some of the people who capture close-up images of wildlife by digiscoping.
An image that is represented by discrete numerical values organized in a two-dimensional array. The conversion of images into a digital form is known as digital imaging. Photography that utilizes a digital camera to produce the image. The digital zoom uses software interpolation to “zoom” into the image further than the actual optical zoom lens in the camera allows.
Because digital zooms use interpolation instead of an actual zoom lens, the resulting image will be of lower quality. Conversion of analog information into digital format so that it can be used by a computer. A measure of lens power equal to the reciprocal of the focal length. Eyeglass prescriptions are generally indicated in diopters. For cameras, the diopter is used as the measure of the dioptric power for the image in the viewfinder.
A separate diopter control allows you to compensate for the difference in eyesight between your right eye and left eye by offsetting the lenses in the two barrels so the image is sharp for each eye. Apparent image distance through optics such as viewfinders. Rated in diopters. A plus sign is used for positive lenses, a minus sign for negative lenses. The term used to describe optical storage media compact disc.
The term used to describe magnetic storage media floppy disk. A phenomenon in which white light rays deviate by different wavelength amounts resulting in a spectrum.
The rainbow created by a prism is the result of dispersion. There are three types of distortion that could affect the shape of the image: Barrel : image deformation causes a rectangle to swell in the center, looking like a barrel the corners of the rectangle are greater than 90 degrees ; Pincushion : image deformation causes the sides of a rectangle to move inward, forming a pincushion or star shape the corners of the rectangle are less than 90 degrees ; or Combinations : the two types can also be combined.
Distortion cannot be corrected by stopping down the lens. It can be improved by the optical combination of positive and negative lens elements. The feature ensures precise subject reproduction and avoids the image distortion that occurs at wide-angle zoom settings or at the peripheries of an image.
A function built into several Nikon D-SLRS and into Nikon’s Capture NX2 imaging program that allows you to brighten subjects that have been underexposed or enhance the contrast of an overexposed subject. Capture sound with the on-board microphone or through the external mic input on select models for vocal memories.
The dramatic impact of your movie making is leveraged by the legendary line of NIKKOR lenses, from ultra-wide-angle and fisheye to super-telephoto.
The camera’s Live View capability makes D-Movies possible. Live View is essentially a video image, played back to the LCD monitor in near real-time for viewing. D-Movie mode records that image to the camera’s memory card. D-Movies are enhanced by the fact that they are made using NIKKOR lenses, which provide an incredible choice of focal lengths as well as legendary optical quality. They also benefit from an image sensor much larger than a typical camcorder, resulting in higher image quality and exceptional high ISO performance during low-light shooting.
Selectively lightening part of a photo using an image editing program or a mechanical technique in a traditional darkroom. Two exposures on the same frame. With film cameras, the film is not wound forward after the first exposure. In digital photography, a double exposure is most commonly made by combining two images using an image editing program.
A file or other information transferred from a camera, media card, CD, DVD, hard drive or the Internet to a computer or from one piece of computer equipment to another. Moving computer data from one location to another.
Though the term is normally used to describe the transfer of data from the Internet, it is also used to describe the transfer of photos from a camera’s memory card to a computer. Dots per inch. A measurement of the resolution of a digital photo or digital device, including digital cameras and printers. The higher the number, the greater the resolution. It allows users to choose which images they wish to print, from the camera. The camera saves this information in special files on the media card for use at a later time when the images are downloaded to a computer, printer or photo kiosk.
When using a COOLPIX digital camera with a touchscreen display, you can draw pictures or write memos on the display and save them as photos using the Draw scene mode.
After the DSCN, a file number will be automatically assigned in ascending order. The camera measures the amount of light reflected from the subject through the lens to automatically control flash output level and give correct exposure. Certain Nikon digital cameras such as the Nikon 1 V1 digital camera utilize a dual shutter system, allowing you to choose from Mechanic, Electronic or Electronic HI shutters depending upon your shooting situation.
The Electronic Shutter is silent and is ideal for use where camera sounds are undesirable. The Electronic HI Shutter’s default setting captures images at a rate of 10 fps. It does support 30 and 60 fps frame rates.
Face detection is disabled when using the Electronic HI Shutter. This scene mode preserves the colors seen in the weak natural light that is visible before sunrise or after sunset.
It is suggested a tripod be used when shooting in this scene mode. Digital Video Disc. Most commonly used for movies and video data, its high capacity—4. Film that features embedded information that allows the camera to automatically set the film’s speed. Refers to Nikon cameras that feature a 1. The FX sensor, measuring The DX sensor is smaller, measuring The DX sensor makes possible the production of lighter, smaller cameras, but because it covers a smaller portion of the image projected by the lens, a 1.
This means, for example, a 24mm lens on a DX sensor camera will provide an approximate 36mm view. Photographers use “dynamic range” for the luminance range of a scene being photographed, or the limits of luminance range that a given digital camera or film can capture.
The dynamic range of sensors used in digital photography is many times less than that of the human eye and generally not as wide as that of chemical photographic media. Easy Panorama is a scene mode available on select Nikon digital cameras that makes it very easy to take a degree or degree panorama simply by panning the camera during exposure. When the Compass display is set to ON, it is displayed on the shooting screen.
Although the E-Compass can be utilized for general use, it should not be the only GPS device that you rely on when hiking in the wilderness, boating, driving, flying, mountain climbing or any other specialized application that requires stringent positioning. An optical glass developed by Nikon that is used with normal optical glass in telephoto lenses to obtain optimum correction of chromatic aberrations. The actual numbers of pixels the camera’s sensor uses to make the image. The number of effective pixels is often slightly smaller than the total number of pixels, as some pixels are not used in the actual making of the image.
An electromagnetic diaphragm mechanism in the lens barrel provides highly accurate electronic diaphragm or aperture blade control when using auto exposure during continuous shooting. Encapsulated PostScript. A graphic file format that allows the exchange of PostScript graphic files between application programs. Exposure Value. A number that represents available combinations of shutter speed and aperture offering the same exposure effect when scene brightness remains the same.
An exabyte is a unit of information equal to 1, petabytes or approximately 1,,,,,, bytes. One such option is Exchange Messages, which allows you to add voice messages to your images. You can even add responses to initial voice messages. Exchangeable image file. The file format used by most digital cameras. Light that exists naturally at the scene. Also known as available light, it’s often taken to mean only daylight, but many photographers consider it any light or light source that happens to be at the scene.
The exit pupil is the bright circle that can be seen in the center of each eyepiece when you hold the binoculars about 12 inches away from your eyes with the objective lenses pointed toward a bright light. The larger the diameter is, the brighter the viewfield is, which is an important consideration when using binoculars in dark situations and for astronomical observation.
EXPEED 4 is engineered to maximize performance speed, contributing to quicker response time, faster memory card access and data transfers. EXPEED 4 has evolved with the development of new Nikon technologies as well as the improvement of existing technologies. Nikon will continue to improve upon its EXPEED image processing systems to provide photographers with maximum camera performance and the highest quality images possible.
EXPEED 5 is engineered to maximize performance speed, contributing to quicker response time, faster memory card access and data transfers. EXPEED 5 has evolved with the development of new Nikon technologies as well as the improvement of existing technologies. EXPEED C2 continues to expand the possibilities of photography with improved levels of high image quality, fine detail and processing speed.
The process of transferring data from one computer, file format, program or device to another. The total amount of light falling on the film or image sensor. Most often measured in the amount of time the light is allowed to reach the sensor, as in “a one-second exposure. Often used to produce special creative effects or to meet the scene requirements. A display showing the amount by which a photograph recorded at the current aperture and shutter speed will deviate from the optimal exposure selected by the camera.
Also known as Extension Tubes. An Extension Ring is a device placed between the lens and camera body to extend the lens-to-film or imaging sensor distance for closer focusing. Available in various sizes, extension rings can be used singly or in combination to vary the reproduction ratio.
Nikon cameras using these support them in Manual focus mode only and they are considered non-CPU lens attachments. A flash unit that operates off the camera. It can be connected to the camera by a cable or fired wirelessly. The outer ring around the eyepiece that provides the proper eyepoint in relation to the exit pupil.
Attaches to the viewfinder eyepiece for eyesight adjustment. Some cameras have this adjustment built-in. Eyepiece Lens ocular is the lens closest to the eye and magnifies the image formed by the objective lens. Various techniques have been integrated into the eyepiece to meet recently rising demand for binoculars with long eye relief and wide viewfield.
Attaches to the camera’s viewfinder eyepiece to magnify the image for easier manual focusing. Especially useful for manual focusing on subjects with fine detail. A built-in device that prevents light from entering the camera’s viewfinder eyepiece and adversely affecting the automatic exposure meter reading.
Useful for unattended shooting and self-timer-operation. The farthest point on the optical axis where the entire image inside the viewfinder can be seen. Eye relief is the distance from the outer surface of the eyepiece lens to the position where the exit pupil is formed eyepoint.
Looking through binoculars from the eyepoint, you can obtain the whole field of view without vignetting. Slang term, often used by professional photographers, for a fast lens with large maximum apertures. Because such a lens will allow more light to reach the film or image sensor, it will allow the use of faster shutter speeds. Record silent fast-motion footage that plays back at about four times normal speed.
Playback is one quarter the recording time. A button on select Nikon digital cameras that gives you acces to select features. The lateral measurement of the area that can be seen at yards. Calculated by multiplying the real angle of view by A computer document; also, a collection of information, such as data, images or text that can be saved on a disk or a hard drive.
A technique that uses flash illumination as a supplement to ambient light. Useful when photographing subjects that are backlit with very high-contrast lighting or in shadow. A plastic or glass lens that fits in front of the camera lens and is used to manipulate or affect the final image. Placed between a filter and the lens when attachment size differs. A protocol for transferring data to and from digital devices at high speed, often up to megabytes per second. This scene mode uses slow shutter speeds to capture the exploding bursts of fireworks.
Firmware is a read only set of instructions that is embedded in a hardware device to either add or improve function. Sometimes there are two parts to a Nikon firmware update labeled A or B. Some updates will perform either A or B, and some will perform A and B, only one at a time.
Some others still will perform both A and B at the same time. Please read the instructions carefully as firmware updates are permanent and cannot be ‘undone’ outside of the service department. Newer firmware versions will overwrite older versions and will also include all previous update changes. A first for Nikon flash units, the latest firmware for specific Nikon Speedlights can be downloaded from Nikon’s website to a memory card while the Speedlight is mounted on certain Nikon D-SLRs.
Wrapped up in the action with no time to change settings? The AW automatically adjusts camera settings. And if you’re looking to add creativity, select in-camera effects such as black and white, or selective color. There’s even an underwater mode to keep images colorful and properly exposed. For a full list of the technical specifications please refer to the product manual. Something went wrong. Please try again in a few minutes.
This product has been archived Product Support Product Manual. Previous image Next image. Product variations. Tech Specs. Effective Pixels Megapixels 16 million. Monitor Size 3. Dimensions Width x Height x Depth 4. Weight 6. Up to 4x angle of view equivalent to that of mm lens in 35mm  format. Electronically-controlled ND filter -2 AV selection. Auto 9-area automatic selection Center Face priority Manual with 99 focus areas Subject tracking.
Monitor Collapse Monitor Monitor Size 3. Exposure Collapse Exposure Exposure Metering segment matrix, center-weighted. Programmed auto exposure Exposure compensation Programmed Auto.
Up to 3 shots at. Can be selected from 10 or 2 seconds duration. Flash Collapse Flash Built-in flash Range approx.
ISO sensitivity: Auto [W]: 0. TTL auto flash with monitor preflashes. Can be selected from: Auto p p i.
Nikon | Download center | Capture NX 2
This product has been archived. Ready for extreme adventures Waterproof, shockproof and freezeproof The AW can handle all that Mother Nature can throw at it. Take it diving to depths of up to feet. And don’t sweat drops of up to five feet. Whether it’s in your hand, mounted to a surfboard, clipped on a backpack or attached to a scuba tank, every twist, splash, dive and crash can be recorded in both still and Full HD p movies.
Plus, Nikon’s new Action Control brings fast and easy operation to gloved hands. The AW lets you capture every thrilling moment from inside the action—not the sidelines. Shoot in extreme low light Imagine sharp images produced feet underwater, photos and movies captured while you explore a dark cave, or snapshots nabbed during that last run just as the sun was setting. What does it take to get these and more?
Shoot three shots in about one second using one-touch control for Full HD p movies and ensure not a single moment of your action-packed lifestyle is missed. Star in your own viral movies Full HD p movies with stereo sound Don’t just share some photos with friends, put them inside the action with you. Attach the AW to your gear, and with a single touch of the control you’re creating an in-the-action Full HD p movie with stereo sound.
You’ll capture all of life’s adventures from a whole new perspective—your own. The AW’s rugged waterproof build can take the pounding action while you record photos and movies of this incredible adventure. A built-in map lets you view your path, and the Electronic compass is an extra safety measure that can even help you ascertain which branch to take if there’s a fork in the stream.
Your geo-tagged photo travelogue will give you bragging rights as you share the adventure with your friends. Creative control even in gloves A handy Action Control feature More creativity at your fingertips—even if your fingertips are enclosed in ski gloves! The AW’s handy Action Control feature makes it easy to adjust specific camera settings.
Wrapped up in the action with no time to change settings? The AW automatically adjusts camera settings. And if you’re looking to add creativity, select in-camera effects such as black and white, or selective color.
There’s even an underwater mode to keep images colorful and properly exposed. For a full list of the technical specifications please refer to the product manual. Something went wrong. Please try again in a few minutes. This product has been archived Product Support Product Manual. Previous image Next image. Product variations. Tech Specs. Effective Pixels Megapixels 16 million. Monitor Size 3. Dimensions Width x Height x Depth 4. Weight 6. Up to 4x angle of view equivalent to that of mm lens in 35mm  format.
Electronically-controlled ND filter -2 AV selection. Auto 9-area automatic selection Center Face priority Manual with 99 focus areas Subject tracking. Monitor Collapse Monitor Monitor Size 3. Exposure Collapse Exposure Exposure Metering segment matrix, center-weighted. Programmed auto exposure Exposure compensation Programmed Auto. Up to 3 shots at. Can be selected from 10 or 2 seconds duration. Flash Collapse Flash Built-in flash Range approx.
ISO sensitivity: Auto [W]: 0. TTL auto flash with monitor preflashes. Can be selected from: Auto p p i. Still pictures: Approx. Battery life may vary depending on shooting interval and length of time menus and images are displayed. Learn more about the Floating Strap Archived. Compatible With. Learn more about the ViewNX-i. Learn more about the ViewNX 2. Product Forum. ForumError ProductDetail. Support Product Registration Registering your Nikon product allows us to send you with your permission important updates, service information and helpful hints, and it makes it easier should you ever need to call in for help.
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